Harris og Fallot (2001) skiller mellom traumespesifikke hjelpetjenester og traumebevisste hjelpetjenester. Traumeterapier er traumespesifikke, mens tjenester som legger til rette for å minimalisere risikoen for retraumatisering hos mottakerne, er traumebevisste (forestill deg et traumebevisst Nav!).
Traumaspecific services are those whose primary task is to address the impact of trauma and to facilitate trauma recovery. These services include individual and group therapies designed to ameliorate posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms, such as exposure therapy and cognitive reprocessing therapy, as well as those interventions whose goal is to foster trauma recovery more broadly.
By contrast, trauma-informed systems and services are those that have thoroughly
incorporated an understanding of trauma, including its consequences and the conditions that enhance healing, in all aspects of service delivery. Any human service program, regardless of its primary task, can become trauma-informed by making specific administrative and service-level modifications in practices, activities, and settings in order to be responsive to the needs and strengths of people with lived experience of trauma.