Fra FNs høykommisær for menneskerettigheter

Monitoring the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

To achieve a genuine exercise of rights, the policies, laws and programmes that limit rights need to be replaced, such as: immigration laws that prohibit entry to a country based on disability; laws that prohibit persons with disabilities to marry; laws that allow the administration of medical treatment to persons with disabilities without their free and informed consent; laws that allow detention on the basis of mental or intellectual disability; and policies that deny medical care to a person because he or she has a disability.

Individual autonomy means to be in charge of one’s own life and to have the freedom to make one’s own choices. Respect for the individual autonomy of persons with disabilities means that persons with disabilities have, on an equal basis with others, reasonable life choices, are subject to minimum interference in their private life and can make their own decisions, with adequate support where required. The principle pervades the Convention and underpins many of the freedoms that it explicitly recognizes, such as the freedom from nonconsensual medical intervention and the requirement that health care should be provided on the basis of free and informed consent. From this perspective, for example, a person with mental disabilities should be offered a range of options for mental health care such as psychotherapy, counselling, peer support and psychiatric medication, and should have the freedom to make a meaningful choice based on personal preferences.

The right to liberty and security of the person requires, inter alia, monitoring psychiatric and other institutions to ensure that no one is placed there on the basis of their disability, including mental and intellectual disabilities, unless with their free and informed consent;

Freedom from torture
requires, inter alia, examining whether institutions resort to practices and treatments such as electroshock therapy and cage beds for persons with disabilities, or impose intrusive or irreversible medical treatments aimed at correcting the disability against a person’s will;

(Uthevet her)

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